The Transmission System Operator (TSO) TenneT is the project coordinator of MIGRATE. Together with 23 other partners (ten TSOs, twelve universities/ labs and one manufacturer) of the consortium the research and investigation will be done.

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  • Estonia
    TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

    TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Tallinn University of Technology (TUT) was established in 1918 and is the only university focusing on engineering and technology in Estonia. The university includes 8 faculties: Civil Engineering, Power Engineering, Information Technology, Chemical and Materials Technology, Science, Mechanical Engineering, Social Sciences and School of Economics and Business Administration. The University has ca 13000 students and 2000 employees, including 152 professors. In 2013, it was ranked first amongst the Baltic universities, according to the QS World University Rankings. TUT has a well-established engineering education tradition and has considerable experience, systems and facilities in place to support research cooperation with foreign universities and international student exchanges. The University is actively participating in all national R&D programmes, incl. Centres of Excellence, Centres of Competence, doctoral schools, etc. and implements many international projects under different funding programs. The mission of TUT is to advance the economy and industry of Estonia and the Baltic Sea region through top graduates, implementation of scientific achievements, knowledge services, innovation and cooperation projects.

    TUT hosts several EU-funded projects and Mobility Fellowships. Over the last 10 years TUT has participated in 47 FP7 projects (acted as a coordinator in 8) and is currently involved in 10 Horizon2020 projects. TUT is acting as a Host Institution for 2 ERC grants and one ERA Chair.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Power quality in transmission system: measuring, modelling, assessment, interaction, and mitigation.
    • Wide-Area monitoring and control applications development and testing.
    • Power system stability and protection system assessment and coordination considering Estonian power system characteristics in view of increased level of PE.
    ELERING AS

    ELERING AS

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Elering AS is transmission system operator whose main task is to ensure the sustainable functioning of security of electricity supply as a crucial service, Elering maintains and develops a national transmission network and external connections. Elering manages the Estonian electricity system in real time, ensuring the functioning of the transmission network as well as a balance between production and consumption. To this end, fast and competent decisions are continuously required in order to ensure the stable functioning of the electricity system. To ensure long-term security of supply and energy security, Elering is working towards joining the energy markets currently isolated from Europe with the rest of Europe. For Elering, it means de-connecting the Estonian electricity system from the Russian one and integration into the electricity system of Central Europe.

    The central background for Elering’s operations is an open electricity market. Elering is aware of its responsibility for ensuring the functioning of the electricity market and ensure equal treatment of all electricity market participants. Investments in cross-border interconnections that ensure unobstructed movement of electricity between neighbouring systems and markets make up a significant part of the investment plan. In accordance with the vision of Elering, new business lines for making the Estonian energy sector more innovative and competitive are developed through a competence centre. The competence centre encompasses active participation in research and development projects, promotion of energy education and rising of general awareness of energy-related key issues.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Power quality in transmission system: modelling, assessment, interaction, and mitigation.
    • Wide-Area monitoring and control applications development and testing.
    • Power system stability and protection system assessment and coordination considering Estonian power system characteristics in view of increased level of PE
  • Iceland
    LANDSNET

    LANDSNET

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Landsnet is a public company that owns and runs the electrical transmission system in Iceland, as well as handling its power system operation. All electrical lines and related constructions that transmit electrical energy with voltage of 66 kV or higher are included in Landsnet’s transmission system (66 substations and approximately 3000 km of transmission lines). The company’s role is to operate Iceland’s electricity transmission system and administer its system operations. Landsnet is responsible for the electricity system’s operational security. The Control Centre at Landsnet’s headquarters handles the system’s co-ordination and control, including monitoring all data on its operations and condition at any given time. Landsnet was established in 2005 and is a member of ENTSO-e, the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity.

    Landsnet’s essential role is to:

    • Ensure and maintain the transmission system’s capacities on a long-term basis;
    • Ensure the electricity system’s operational security;
    • Maintain a balance between electricity supply and demand;
    • Manage the settlement of electricity flows countrywide;
    • Promote an active electricity market.


    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Landsnet is task leader of Task 2.7 “Development and Pilot Testing of Wide Area Closed-Loop Control in a low inertia power system” (M1-M36) in the WP2 of Scottish Power. The involvement of Landsnet covers the following subtasks (mostly as lead, with most research and development work being delegated to academic partners and subcontractor):

    • Develop and Validate device and system models in RSCAD for Hardware in the Loop (HiL) testing;
    • Design a Wide Area Controller to Icelandic requirements;
    • Design a common control co-ordination strategy for Iceland;
    • Design an approach for robust control (handling with practical issues with data);
    • Specifications and implementation of communications for WA Control in Iceland;
    • Off-line testing process for WA Control developed and applied ;
    • HiL testing of WA Controls;
    • Field commissioning and testing in Iceland;
    • Operational experience review. 
  • Finland
    FINGRID OYJ

    FINGRID OYJ

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Fingrid (Fingrid Oyj) is the enterprise that takes care of the functioning of the nation-wide high-voltage grid, the backbone of electricity transmission in Finland. Fingrid is responsible for planning and monitoring the operation of the Finnish electricity transmission system as well for maintaining and developing the system. The company owns the Finnish main grid and all significant cross-border connections with approximately 14,000 kilometres of transmission lines and more than 100 substations. Fingrid provides its contractual customers, in other words electricity producers, network companies and industrial enterprises, with system, cross-border transmission and balance services. Fingrid serves the electricity market by attending to adequate electricity transmission capacity, by removing transmission restrictions between countries, and by proving information on the electricity market. It is an efficient organization with a revenue in 2014 of 567 million euros generated by just 282 permanent employees.

    The operators of the Nordic grid were early adopters of Phasor Measurement Unit technology that provides accurate, high frequency real-time measurements, which can be utilized for the monitoring, and control of AC transmission. Fingrid is actively involved in collaborative research programmes to explore the potential of these units.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Fingrid will be involved in WP2 “Real Time Monitoring and Control to Enable Transmission Network Transition”  and will participate in the  validation of the pan-European applicability and interoperability of the proposed solutions for monitoring and forecasting of area inertia as a Key Performance Indicators (KPI) for systems under high penetration of PE.  The goals of these tasks are:

    • to check that the solutions proposed/developed in WP2 are robust and applicable to the Nordic grid with minimal tuning;
    • to validate the interoperability of the solutions with Fingrid’s upstream source of synchronized measurements.
  • Germany
    TenneT GmbH

    TenneT GmbH

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    TenneT is a leading European electricity transmission system operator (TSO) with activities in the Netherlands and in Germany. TenneT ensures a reliable and uninterrupted supply of electricity in its high-voltage grid connecting the 41 million end-users in the markets which the company serves. TenneT takes every effort to meet its stakeholders’ needs by being responsible, engaged and connected. With around 21,000 kilometres of high-voltage lines, TenneT crosses borders and connects countries. TenneT ranks among Europe’s top five TSOs and works closely with governments, NGOs, trading partners and investors all over the world. TenneT’s aim is to ensure that essential high-voltage infrastructure is developed, realised and managed efficiently, now and in the future. This covers onshore and offshore grids as well as cross-border interconnections. TenneT is keen to pursue the development of a North West European electricity market.

    As a leading TSO, TenneT’s main duties are (1) to provide power transmission services, by constructing and maintaining a robust and efficient high-voltage grid, (2) to provide system services, by maintaining the balance between supply and demand of electricity 24 hours a day, seven days a week and (3) to facilitate a smoothly functioning, liquid and stable electricity market. Virtually all of TenneT’s activities are regulated. Relevant provisions of legislation, regulation and jurisdiction in the Netherlands and Germany govern these activities. Regulatory authorities oversee TenneT´s compliance with these provisions.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    TenneT is the project coordinator and is responsible for the project management (WP 8) and the dissemination of the project results (WP7). Furthermore, TenneT assumes the responsibility for WP1 so as to investigate the development of a methodology to monitor the progressive loss of system stability with a growing PE share connected to the transmission networks. TenneT also contributes to WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5.

    Amprion GmbH

    AMPRION

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Amprion GmbH operates a transmission system with the voltage levels of 380.000 and 220.000 volts. The key task of its some 900 employees is to transmit electricity at competitive prices safely and reliably any time. With a length of around 11.000 kilometres and some 160 substations between Lower Saxony and the border to Switzerland and Austria, Amprion’s extra-high voltage transmission system is the largest in Germany. The system connects power plants with the load centres and at the same time is an important pillar of the German and European transmission grid. Through its central position in Europe, Amprion’s transmission system is an important hub for electricity trading between Northern and Southern as well as Eastern and Western Europe. Amprion is responsible for one of the largest grid areas in Europe and plays a leadership role in the European interconnected system.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    In WP1, AMPRION will contribute to the following subtasks:

    • Evaluation of Existing PE capabilities and existing requirements for Grid connections;
    • Development of Mitigation measures for stability problems in transition scenarios;
    • Providing Recommendations on connection code implementation.

    AMPRION will also lead WP6 implementing the following tasks: 

    • Quantification  of the technology and economic impacts of the performed field and laboratory tests;
    • Examination of the technology, economic and regulatory barriers to be removed before scaling and replication occurs at EU level of gird connection rules and poser system control laws;
    • Deployment roadmap of the grid connection rules and power system control laws;
    • Implementation of exploitation measures of the other project results supported by free market players.
    University of Hanover

    UNIVERSITY OF HANOVER

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Founded in 1831, Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH) is today a study and work place for around 24.000 students, over 1,100 academic employees and more than 300 professors in the natural sciences and engineering, the humanities and social sciences as well in law and economics and it has a focus on interdisciplinary teaching, research and cooperation projects, of which over 100 are EU projects within FP7. Two institutes of the university, the Institute of Electric Power Systems (IEH) and the Institute for Drive Systems and Power Electronics (IAL) participate in the project.

    The Institute of Electric Power Systems is divided in the divisions “Electric Power Supply”, “High Voltage Engineering and Asset Management” and “Electrical Energy Storage Systems”. It was founded in October 2000 and expanded in September 2014. Since October 2007, Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. L. Hofmann is director of the Institute of Electric Power Systems and Head of the division “Electric Power Supply”. Since 2011, he is also Head of the department Transmission Networks at Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology (IWES) in Kassel. His current research interests are modelling and simulation of electric power systems, integration of renewable and decentralized energy sources and power market simulation.

    The Institute for Drive Systems and Power Electronics has a staff of 2 Full Professors, 2 senior scientists (Dr.-Ing) and ca. 40 research associates (Masters level) pursuing their Doctor degree. Its budget includes third-party funding of ca. 1.5 Mio. € p.a. The research group for Power Electronics and Drive Control with ca. 20 engineers is headed by Prof. Dr.-Ing. Axel Mertens since 2004 and has established itself in the fields of wind power, stability of converter dominated grids and e-mobility. Technologies for power electronic systems up to the medium voltage and multi MW range are covered, ranging from the control of machine side and grid side converters including grid stability aspects and grid-supporting features to device characterization and gate drives, multilevel converters, modulation strategies, filter design and thermal design. Prof. Mertens is a member of the research center ForWind and is also heading the department for power electronics at Fraunhofer IWES, Kassel.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Research on reliability and stability of grids with a large amount of converters

    • Power electronic capabilities
    • Interaction between converter control and grid-resonances
    • Grid supporting features
    • Dynamic behaviour of the whole grid
    TU Berlin

    TU BERLIN

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Research and education at TU Berlin cover a wide range of disciplines with an orientation toward science and technology. In the field of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, TU Berlin achieved the top overall score among all German universities (jointly with TU Munich) in the 2011 edition of the Research Ranking of CHE (Centre for Higher Education Development). Regarding third-party funding, TU Berlin is among the top ten universities in Germany. TU Berlin has a distinct international character. Out of a total of more than 30,000 students, 5,800 come from about 130 countries. TU Berlin has a multitude of worldwide cooperation agreements including more than 20 double degree programs with universities in Chile, China, France, Korea, Poland, Russia and the UK. The Chair of Sustainable Electric Networks and Sources of Energy (SENSE) is integrated within the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and has performed research in the areas design, operation, and control of power grids; design, operation, and control of energy resources; and modelling methods for simulation and optimization of power systems.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Within WP5 (power quality), TU Berlin focuses on disturbances with a focus on frequency variations and voltage violations. TU Berlin participates in all tasks in WP5 (except Task 5.3) to quantify the propagation of disturbances through the grid and investigate the power quality impacts at a very high level of power electronics usage.

  • Scotland (UK)
    SCOTTISH POWER ENERGY NETWORKS

    SCOTTISH POWER ENERGY NETWORKS

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Scottish Power Ltd. is a vertically integrated energy company with its headquarters in Glasgow, Scotland. In 2006, it became a subsidiary of the Spanish utility Iberdrola. Scottish Power is the distribution network operator for central and southern Scotland, Merseyside and North Wales. Scottish Power holds the transmission license for central and southern Scotland and owns the part of the Moyle Interconnector with Northern Ireland Electricity. The Western HVDC link is another national infrastructure jointly developed by National Grid and Scottish Power. European Commission certified Scottish Power as the Transmission System Operator on 14-May-2012 (C(2012)3284).

    The transmission network comprises over 4000 kilometers of circuits and 127 substations operating at 400, 275 and 132kV. The system maximum demand is around 4.2GW and with over 8.4GW of generation connected to the network. To rebuild the existing network would cost in the region of £4billion. The 132kV, 275kV and 400kV transmission network is a key, UK strategic asset that has historically facilitated the bulk transfer of power from thermal generating stations to large urban load centers and recently the rapid increase in renewable forms of generation. As the renewable generation portfolio has evolved, the dynamic nature of load flows have changed, necessitating an increased boundary transfer capability of energy from Scotland to National Grid in the south. Most of the network was built in the 1950s - 1960s and now a significant portion requires replacement due to its condition. It is notable that the majority of the 275kV network is over 40 years old and significant sections of the 132kV network are over 60 years old. The total estimated cost of the potential GB transmission network reinforcements before 2020, based on the Gone Green 2011 scenario, is around £8.8bn. The resulting network would be able to accommodate a further 38.5 GW of new generation (a little under half of current generation), of which 23GW could be a combination of onshore and offshore wind generation. Among which £6bn is relevant to Scottish Power to enable an effective power transfer between Scotland and England. This investment will facilitate over 11GW new renewable generation connections in Scotland. Majority of those reinforcement will come in the format of power electronic technology including HVDC, Series compensation and STATCOM. 

    Map of Scotland-England transmission circuits with possible location of reinforcements (ENSG).

    Map of Scotland-England transmission circuits with possible location of reinforcements (ENSG).

    The conventional thermal generation fleet in Scotland is facing retirement and more constraint within coming five years, following the recent closure of Cockenzie power station and the predicted close of Longannet Power Station in 2016. The only conventional thermal station in Scotland might be Peterhead Power Station (built in 1982). Such a dramatic change and potential impact on local transmission inertia and the knock on impact on the concentrated power electronic devices (including HVDC terminal, series compensation, SVC) pose an urgent requirement to carry out thorough research. From that perspective, it is in the interests’ Scottish Power and there is a need to address the potential risk associated with the increasing penetration of PE: local inertia, transmission protection settings, real time monitoring and control. 

    Scottish Power has developed a balanced R&D portfolio to support the main business and help facilitate a low carbon economy. As a transmission licensee, Scottish Power has strong interests in understanding the potentials impacts from system inertia evolvements when conventional generations are gradually replaced by new and renewable generations in local area. Scottish Power is one of the initiators of the MIGRATE proposal. In supporting the development of MIGRATE and delivery of Work Packages, Scottish Power will bring in rich expertise developed in previous research projects such as System Inertia, Real Time Wide Area Monitoring and PMU optimization deployment.

    MAIN TASKS ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    SP Energy Networks will be the leader of Work Package 2: Real Time Monitoring and Control to Enable Transmission Network Transmission.  In addition to its coordination role, SP will carry out various tasks (sub work package) supported by its experience and the infrastructure developed under previous/existing research projects in Wide Area Monitoring and power electronics.  The hardware in place will contribute to the potential savings of MIGRATE project in the order of £300k. SP will make full use of the data collected from synchronous measurement units and waveform capture devices to further improve the situational awareness under the evolving network condition and take appropriate control measures. SP will contribute the estimation, real-time monitoring and forecasting of area inertia and short circuit capacity, which are increasingly important to TSOs in an integrated EC transmission network.  

  • England (UK)
    University of Manchester

    UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    The University of Manchester (UNIMAN) is one of the top research lead universities in the UK (5th), Europe (6th) and the World (38th) [1]. Within the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, one of the largest of its kind in the UK with over 70 members of academic staff and over 450 postgraduate students. The Electrical Energy and Power Systems Group comprises 14 full time academics and some 120+ PhD students, research associates and academic visitors. Its current research portfolio is about £12 M with support from EPSRC, EU, UK Government and leading national and international industrial companies. During the past 60 years, it has established itself as one of the longest continuously active university-based research groups in electrical power engineering anywhere in the World, and has achieved an enviable international reputation for its advanced education, training and high quality of research in all aspects of electrical power engineering. Master of Science in Electrical Power System Engineering course organised by the Group was the first of its kind in the World and has been continuously running since 1953.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    WP1: Development of mitigation approaches to address power system stability issues under high penetration of PE

    • 1.3 Modelling for mixed PE and synchronous loads
    • 1.5 Monitoring and Forecasting of the Penetration of Power Electronics


    WP2: Real Time Monitoring and Control to Enable Transmission Network Transition

    • 2.1 Requirements for monitoring and forecasting PE-based KPIs
    • 2.2 Monitoring and forecasting PE-based stability KPIs
    • 2.3 On-line monitoring and forecasting of area inertia
    • 2.4 On-line wideband oscillation (0.002Hz – 46Hz) monitoring and management
    • 2.5 On-line monitoring and forecasting of Short-Circuit Capacity “System Strength”
    • 2.6 On-line parameter estimation for mixed PE and synchronous loads
    • 2.7 Development and pilot-test of a Wide Area Closed-Loop Control in a low inertia power system


    WP4: Assessment of protection schemes.

    • 4.1 Grid and PE models validated for protection studies to perform HiL tests with RTDS
    • 4.2 Limitations of present power system AC protection schemes and SIPS technology to properly operate in systems with high penetration of PE during faults in DC and AC systems
    • 4.3 New developments, technologies and solutions proposed to overcome constraints identified in task 5.2: short-circuit protections and SIPS
    • 4.4 Analysis of the behaviour of the new protection concepts proposed in task 5.3 in a HiL facility with real protection equipment
    • 4.5 Power System Design for a Secure System with high Penetration of PE

     
    WP5: Power Quality

    • 5.1 identifying the list of potential mitigating solutions;  identifying feasible modelling framework for accounting for spatial and temporal variation of PQ with different levels of PE penetration and for  reliability studies of coupled power and ICT network infrastructures; specifying data requirements and appropriate case studies  for subsequent work on tasks 5.4,  and 5.7
    • 5.2 Identifying /development of appropriate models for probabilistic  modelling of spatial and temporal variation in harmonic injections by different non-linear harmonic sources.
    • 5.4 Development of probabilistic framework for studies and presentation of results of harmonic propagation through the network considering uncertainties involved with operation, temporal and spatial variation of PE devices and carrying out studies using relevant scenarios with test networks  
    • 5.6 Development of optimisation based methodology for deploying different cost-effective   solutions for global PQ mitigation in networks with different levels of PE penetration and running relevant illustrative case studies
    • 5.7 Development of modelling framework for reliability studies of coupled power and ICT infrastructures and carrying out illustrative studies using relevant scenarios with test networks 
  • Ireland
    EirGrid plc

    EIRGRID

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    EirGrid plc is a leading Irish energy business, providing transmission and market services for the benefit of electricity consumers of the island of Ireland. It is a commercial semi-state company with 460 employees, split between Dublin and Belfast offices. EirGrid holds licences as independent electricity Transmission System Operator (TSO) and Market Operator (MO) in the wholesale trading system in Ireland, and is the owner of the System Operator Northern Ireland (SONI Ltd), the licensed TSO and market operator in Northern Ireland. The Single Electricity Market Operator (SEMO) is part of the EirGrid Group, and operates the Single Electricity Market on the island of Ireland. EirGrid plc is the owner and operator of the East-West Interconnector, a 500MW HVDC link between Ireland and Wales.

    The power systems of Ireland and Northern Ireland are changing significantly and rapidly. The combined system will have more wind generation installed and operated as a percentage of the overall annual energy requirement by 2020 than anywhere else in the world. This is driving major changes in not only the need for appropriate infrastructure but also in the behaviour of the power system over a wide range of operational metrics. These changes will be seen in other power systems in the coming years with a greater penetration of renewable energy sources. Given that Ireland and Northern Ireland have some of the most favourable wind, tidal and wave conditions in Europe, significant renewable generation developments (and thus inverter-connected generation) in Ireland are expected in future, in addition to those already present.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    EirGrid will primarily participate in Work Package 3, the “100% PE scenario”, providing necessary system models and information. EirGrid will provide expertise on system issues encountered to date and expected in future. The transmission system of Ireland and Northern Ireland is small enough to be modelled in detail for analysis but significant enough to have the results scalable to the larger systems including the pan-European system, EirGrid maintain and develop the system model for Ireland and Northern Ireland and will provide these and support to the project.

    University College Dublin (UCD)

    UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF DUBLIN

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    University College Dublin (UCD) is the largest university in Ireland, with 30,000 students, 1,600 academic staff across a range of disciplines, 1,750 PhD students and 3,400 Masters students, producing 25% of Ireland’s PhD graduates each year. The Electricity Research Centre (ERC), as a research group within the School of Electrical, Electronic & Communications Engineering at UCD, is a unique collaboration between academia and major players in the electricity industry to tackle fundamental and applied research questions underpinning the development of a sustainable electrical energy system. The Sustainable Electrical Energy Systems Cluster (SEES) is one of the major project initiatives led by the ERC which brings together the Irish electricity grid and key industrial partners. Complementary research initiatives are supported by a range of national and international funding streams. The team now consists of more than 60 people – academics, postdoctoral and industry-experienced researchers, PhD students and a management team. Key to the success of the ERC is the very close relationship between researchers and industry. Industry Members include major players in the electricity industry in Ireland as well as large international partners. The research work is presented in eight thematic strands, ranging from system analysis and system flexibility to markets & regulation and policy & social studies, which bring together groupings of researchers from the relevant academic-led groups. The ERC is developing a strong suite of activities internationally, particularly in Europe, the US and China, with industries, government agencies and research institutions linking with the Centre through formal agreements, joint appointments and the delivery of courses internationally.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    UCD will develop high-level management procedures related to active power control and reactive power / voltage control in a power system with 100% converter-based devices. Operational rules and ancillary services will be adapted from existing practice or developed afresh to enable secure operation for the grid, and communications & IT infrastructure requirements will be minimised to create, as far as possible, a passively stable system.

  • Netherlands
    TenneT GmbH

    TenneT GmbH

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    TenneT is a leading European electricity transmission system operator (TSO) with activities in the Netherlands and in Germany. TenneT ensures a reliable and uninterrupted supply of electricity in its high-voltage grid connecting the 41 million end-users in the markets which the company serves. TenneT takes every effort to meet its stakeholders’ needs by being responsible, engaged and connected. With around 21,000 kilometres of high-voltage lines, TenneT crosses borders and connects countries. TenneT ranks among Europe’s top five TSOs and works closely with governments, NGOs, trading partners and investors all over the world. TenneT’s aim is to ensure that essential high-voltage infrastructure is developed, realised and managed efficiently, now and in the future. This covers onshore and offshore grids as well as cross-border interconnections. TenneT is keen to pursue the development of a North West European electricity market.

    As a leading TSO, TenneT’s main duties are (1) to provide power transmission services, by constructing and maintaining a robust and efficient high-voltage grid, (2) to provide system services, by maintaining the balance between supply and demand of electricity 24 hours a day, seven days a week and (3) to facilitate a smoothly functioning, liquid and stable electricity market. Virtually all of TenneT’s activities are regulated. Relevant provisions of legislation, regulation and jurisdiction in the Netherlands and Germany govern these activities. Regulatory authorities oversee TenneT´s compliance with these provisions.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    TenneT is the project coordinator and is responsible for the project management (WP 8) and the dissemination of the project results (WP7). Furthermore, TenneT assumes the responsibility for WP1 so as to investigate the development of a methodology to monitor the progressive loss of system stability with a growing PE share connected to the transmission networks. TenneT also contributes to WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5.

    Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

    TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DELFT

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) is an applied science and engineering institution of higher education and research in the Netherlands. According to International Reputation Rankings, TU Delft is currently the highest ranked Dutch university and one of the worldwide leading universities. TU Delft hosts over 18,000 students (undergraduate and postgraduate), more than 3,000 scientists and more than 2,000 people in the support and management staff.

    The work concerning this proposal will be carried out by staff from the Intelligent Electrical Power Grids research (IEPG) group of the Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy (Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science). With 10 academic staff and 21 Ph.D. researchers, the IEPG group has a very ambitious and diversified research program covering major technological challenges concerning the operation and planning of generation, transmission, and distribution systems, steady-state and dynamic (fast and slow phenomena) performance, wide-area monitoring, protection, and control, economic and environmental aspects of electricity supply systems, large scale introduction of renewable and dispersed energy sources and power electronic converters, energy forecasting, probabilistic methods, and reliability analysis, smart grid development and data analytics, and applied computational intelligence. The group is working in close collaboration with the main industry organizations and research institutes in the field in Benelux and Germany, such as DNV-KEMA, ECN, Siemens, Elia, TenneT, Enexis, Phase-to-Phase, and RWE.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Modeling of HVAC-HVDC grid components for stability and protection studies
    • Design and testing of optimal control strategies and protection systems
    • Co-simulation and HIL based testing and demonstration of mitigation solutions
    • Risk analysis for the power system characteristics expected in the future
  • France
    RTE

    RTE

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    RTE is the French Transmission System Operator (TSO) in charge of the operation, the maintenance and the development of the high and very high voltage grid (100000 km from 63 to 400 kV), and also managing the interconnection lines with other European countries. It is a company of about 8500 people and the largest TSO in Europe.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    RTE will manage the R&D work in WP3 and will also be involved in its research activities. As a TSO, RTE will especially participate in the definition of system needs for electric systems with 100 % PE devices, in system integration tests and in the definition of requirement guidelines for converter-based generating units.  RTE will also contribute as research performer to provide recommendations for the network connection code implementation in WP1 and to assess new protection solutions regarding network requirements in WP4. RTE will also be involved in the exploitation of the project results in WP6.

    Schneider Electric

    SCHNEIDER

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    As a global specialist in energy management with operations in more than 100 countries, Schneider Electric offers integrated solutions across multiple market segments, including leadership positions in Utilities & Infrastructure, Industries & Machines Manufacturers, Non-residential Building, and Data Centers & Networks and in Residential. Focused on making energy safe, reliable, efficient, productive and green, the Group's 160,000 plus employees achieved sales of 25 billion euros in 2013 (43% of sales in new economies), through an active commitment to help individuals and organizations make the most of their energy. Schneider Electric has Worldwide leading positions

    • Safe, with power and control                                                                    #1
    • Reliable, with critical power & cooling                                                  #1
    • Efficient, with energy efficiency                                                               #1
    • Productive, with industrial, building and home automation      Top 3
    • Green, with renewable energy solutions                                              Top 3

    Schneider Electric is involved in more than 15 Smart Grids pilot projects worldwide and has a relevant experience in technologies emerging in this domain such as volt var control, D/R, smart monitoring, self-healing for the grid. Beyond technology, Schneider Electric as developed a relevant experience in new business models that are being built across the world in smart grids.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Schneider Electric will concentrate the effort in WP4. Schneider Electric will lead task 4.4 and participate in the rest of the tasks of WP4 as described below:

    • Task 4.1 - Accurate models for desktop protection studies and HiL tests.  Schneider Electric will review the RTDS model to ensure that any model is reflecting actual practice and that the relevant aspects of the model to protection are implemented.
    • Task 4.2 - Assessment of the existing protection functions/solutions under high PE penetration. Schneider Electric will ensure that a suitable range of protection systems are modelled and representative of typical systems and also to bring this modelling in house to the SE RTDS.
    • Task 4.3 - Development and tests of new protection solutions when reaching 100% PE penetration. Schneider Electric’s team will work closely with UNIMAN ensuring that any proposals are practical and can be implemented on typical State of the art protection relays. Proposal of new strategies based on experience ensuring that cost effective protection can be realised. Schneider Electric’s Experts will also bring support and guidance, developing technical requirements and specifications, ensuring that proposals are suitable for simulation and ultimate implementation.
    • Task 4.4. Proof of concepts.  Schneider Electric will implement the algorithms, strategy and concepts defined in Task 4.3, in a real device and tests in RTDS will prove the behaviour of the new protective concept, models will be updated according to the new requirements given by the Power System Stability WP (WP1). The new protection solutions validated in the previous step will be tested in the same manner in order to verify if they still fulfil protection requirements with any PE penetration, including 100%.
    • Task 4.5. Power system design for a secure system with high PE penetration. Schneider Electric will participate in the analysis to give recommendations for the design of protection schemes for power systems with high penetration of PE.
    Arts et Métiers ParisTech

    ECOLE NATIONALE SUPERIEURE DES ARTS ET METIERS

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Arts et Métiers (brand name "Arts et Métiers ParisTech") is an engineering school that has trained over 85,000 engineers since its foundation in 1780 by the Duke of Rochefoucauld Liancourt. It is a "Public Scientific, Cultural and Professional institution" (EPCSCP) under the authority of the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research. The primary goal of Arts et Métiers ParisTech is to provide an initial foundation in general engineering principles for the disciplines of mechanical engineering, power engineering and industrial engineering. Founded in 1989, the Laboratory of Electrical Engineering and Power electronics of Lille (L2EP) gathers people from four institutions (University of Sciences et Technologies of Lille, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Ecole Centrale de Lille and Hautes Etudes d’Ingénieur (HEI). Located in Lille, the L2EP is composed of more than 100 people (30 Associate and Professors) and is organized in 4 complementary teams (Power Grid, Power electronics, Control and Modelling).

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    WP3: providing solutions (methods and tools) to ensure power quality when reaching 100% penetration of PE. Focus on structure, sizing and low-level control of VSC, in order to assess the ability of VSC to bear transients that can occur on the grid, along with be compatible with classical and new types of high-level controls.

    Technofi

    COMPANY DISCRIPTION

    ince 1984, TECHNOFI supports companies -SMEs and large groups-, research organizations, public bodies and professional associations in developing their innovation strategy. Drawing on its 30 years’ experience, TECHNOFI developed a unique know-how in the setting-up, the funding and the coordination of collaborative European projects, with more than 350M€ raised for its clients. With over 500 missions accomplished so far, TECHNOFI is today one of the French leaders in the Innovation Management consulting field. In addition to these skills, TECHNOFI developed expertise in the sustainable development area (electricity, manufacturing, buildings and smart cities). TECHNOFI has participated in key R&I activities related to the development of transmission networks such as OPTIMATE (FP7), iTesla (FP7), e-Highway2050 (FP7), GARPUR (FP7, ongoing) and more recently MIGRATE and INTENSYS4EU (H2020). Located in Sophia-Antipolis, one of Europe’s leading science and technology parks, TECHNOFI has now offices in Paris (Tour Montparnasse).

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    ECHNOFI is involved in WP6 (as WP leader) and WP7 (in order to ensure the coherence between the different communication and dissemination activities of WP7 and some of the tasks of WP6). The goal of WP6 is on the one hand to estimate the impacts (economic and regulatory) of the deployment of the solutions recommended by the experts of MIGRATE and on the other hand to prepare the exploitation of the project’s results. Several tasks are foreseen:

    1. To quantify the technology and economic impacts of the technical solutions recommended by the consortium’s experts so as to operate transmission networks with a very share of generation units and loads connected with a PE interface;
    2. To detail the technical, economic and regulatory barriers to be overcome before proper scaling and replication of solutions recommended by the consortium’s experts (including grid connection rules);
    3. To recommend a deployment roadmap for the grid connection rules, including tentative improvements of the existing grid codes related to generation (RfG) and consumer connection rules (DCC);
    4. To propose exploitation plans of the project results.

  • Switzerland
    ETH Zurich

    ETH ZURICH

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    ETH Zurich is one of the leading international universities for technology and the natural sciences. It is well known for its excellent education, ground-breaking fundamental research and for implementing its results directly into practice. Founded in 1855, ETH Zurich today has more than 18,000 students from over 110 countries, including 3,900 doctoral students. To researchers, it offers an inspiring working environment, to students, a comprehensive education. Research in the energy area The Control and the Power Systems Laboratories at ETH have extensive background in the physical principles that govern the electric power system and how the electric power system is modelled, monitored and controlled

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    The main task of the Control and Power Systems Laboratories at ETH Zurich is the development, simulation and testing of control algorithms to enable real-time balancing of generation and load in a system with no or few synchronous generators (WP3).

  • Slovenia
    ELES

    ELES

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    ELES is the national transmission system operator (TSO) of Slovenia. ELES's mission is to ensure safe, continuous and quality transmission of electrical power within the Republic of Slovenia as well as to Europe. ELES provides quality in access conditions to all users and partners. This is ensured through ongoing progress in the application of technical solutions. Special attention is devoted to ongoing development of employees, especially those who have new, fresh and innovative ideas. Although ELES is a small TSO, some very innovative systems has been developed in last 10-15 years. The company headquarters are located in Ljubljana.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • WP managerial tasks (WP5)
    • preparation of PQ data as requested by task leader,
    • definition of functionalities related to PQ real-time visualization,
    • enabling existing PMU for delivering real-time total harmonic distortion data,
    • enabling access to other sources of PQ data,
    • testing ,
    • definition of processes for long-term PQ measurement and trending.
    Univerza v Ljubljani

    UNIVERSITY OF LJUBLJANA

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Univerza v Ljubljani (UL) is the largest educational and scientific research institution in the Republic of Slovenia. More than 50.000 students study at 23 Faculties and 3 art Academies, and approximately 6,000 higher education teachers, researchers, assistants and administrative staff are employed within the University. Univerza v Ljubljani, Fakulteta za Elektrotehniko (UL FE), is one of the key research institutions in the field of electrical engineering. Its researchers are involved in both domestic as well as international projects. It closely cooperates with companies for power distribution, power transmission and industry. The research fields include electrical power networks operation, network stability and reliability, modelling and simulations of compensation devices (FACTS, Active Filters), power quality and Smart Grids, dealing with operation of networks with high penetration of distributed generation and active involvement of network users in system operation.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Development of power-electronics based devices models for power-quality studies.
    • Assessment of the influence of PQ disturbances on operation of power-electronic rich power networks.
    • Verification of mitigation possibilities of power-quality disturbances.
    Elektroinštitut Milan Vidmar

    ELECTROINSTITUT MILAN VIDMAR

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    Elektroinštitut Milan Vidmar (EIMV) is a leading Slovenian engineering and scientific-research organization acting in the area of electric power engineering. The Institute is an institution with tradition, established in 1948.  From the economic and technological perspective, it addresses issues of generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. It releases feasibility and implementation studies, expert reports, makes technological, environmental and other analyses, inspects quality and operation of electric power systems and facilities as required by electric power utilities, ministries, as well as national and regional authorities. The institute carries out projects of a various level of sophistication from idea to its realization.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Develop a tool, which will enable TSOs to have clear insight into the state of power quality (PQ) in the network and to enable easy identification of  different sources of disturbances in the network through advanced 3D/4D visualization of Power Quality (PQ) data obtained online (PQ measurements units and PMUs) or from archive.

  • Italy
    TERNA Rete Italia

    TERNA S.P.A.

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    TERNA Rete Italia is the company belonging to the TERNA Group that deals with the national electricity grid’s operation, maintenance and development, fully respecting the environment and communities. As a grid management and transmission operator, TERNA Rete Italia safely manages energy flows along 63,500 km of HV and EHV lines of the Italian electricity system, ensures the continuity of the electricity supply in the country and is responsible for energy dispatching, namely for safely managing the balance between electricity supply and demand in Italy. TERNA is the first independent operator in Europe and the sixth in the world for kilometres of electricity lines managed

    TERNA is a member of ENTSO-E, the body that groups 41 Transmission System Operators from 34 EU countries; at the EU level, this body’s task is to adopt European grid codes regarding cross-border issues, the ten-year Development Plan of the European electricity grid and the common tools for coordinating grid management.

    In 2001, TERNA obtained the UNI EN ISO 9001:2000 certification standard.
    In 2007, TERNA obtained the certification for its Environmental Management System UNI EN ISO 14001:2004.
    In 2007, TERNA obtained the certification for its Occupational Health and Safety Management System BS OHSAS 18001:2007.
    In 2011, TERNA obtained the certification ISO/IEC 27001:2005 for applying the TIMM.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Inertia Measurement
    • Wideband Oscillation Monitoring
    • Short Circuit Capacity monitoring
    • Modelling and simulation of district performance
    EnSiEL

    ENSIEL

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    EnSiEL is a Consortium of public Italian Universities since 2009; the seventeen Universities members of EnSiEL employ almost 90% of the academic experts operating in the area of energy and power systems (University of  Aquila, Bologna, Cagliari, Calabria, Cassino, Catania, Genova, Politecnico di Milano, Napoli "Federico II", Napoli SUN, Padova, Palermo, Pavia, Pisa, Salerno, Sannio, Politecnico di Torino). The Board of Directors is composed by a representative of each member University, a representative of the Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research and a representative of the Italian Ministry for the Economic Development. The EnSiEL Consortium:

    • promotes and coordinates studies and researches;
    • trains for research, also with study and research grants;
    • fosters the cooperation among the member Universities, and with research centres and industries, domestic and abroad;
    • provides multidisciplinary support to designers, developers, users and operators of electrical power components and systems;
    • promotes and fosters didactics and training;
    • intends to be a scientific partner of national and local public bodies, of the Italian regulator AEEG, of standardization bodies, and of public and private entities at large.


    The scope of activities can be broadly classified in the fields of generation of electricity, transmission and distribution systems, electrical energy markets, utilization of electrical energy, and technologies and electrical components[1]. The number, the qualification and the specialties of the researchers with the member Universities allow EnSiEL to play in the field of power system research as a unitary team with many, varied and qualified knowledge and competence. EnSiEL Consortium is a public non-profit organization recognized and supervised by the Italian Ministry for Education, University and Research.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    • Inertia Measurement
    • Wideband Oscillation Monitoring
    • Short Circuit Capacity monitoring
    • Modelling and simulation of district performance
  • Spain
    RED ELECTRICA DE ESPANA

    RED ELéCTRICA DE ESPAñA

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    REE is the Transmission System Operator of the Spanish power system. It was the first company in the world to specialise exclusively in the transmission of electricity and the operation of electricity systems. The Company has been in charge of the Spanish transmission grid and operation of the electricity system. It anticipated recent international trends leading to the separation of such activities and showed that transmission is an independent activity, separate from generation and distribution. In its capacity as the System Operator, REE is responsible for the security of supply in the Spanish power system (mainland and isolated systems – Canary and Balearic Islands and Ceuta and Melilla cities) with more than 50 GW of RES generation capacity (Wind 23,002 MW), representing 46% of the total installed capacity. It guarantees the quality of supply at any place and at any time by providing the market system with the level of safety and liquidity it needs.

    The efforts aimed at developing the transmission grid, besides the quality and efficiency improvements, have been for REE an operational priority over the years. In the recent years, REE has had a strong commitment as well as innovative efforts to cope with the new challenges arising from the increase of renewable energies penetration and electricity demand growth. As a proof of this commitment, REE set up in operation the bipolar HVDC link ±250 kV, 400 MW, 237 km and maximum depth of 1,.485 metres, between Morvedre (Mainland) and Santa Ponsa (Balearic Islands) and more recently, jointly with RTE, the world largest VSC link, the new electrical interconnection line between France and Spain, two links of 1,000 MW and ±320 KV each one.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    Work package leader (WP4): assessment of protection schemes. Development of improved protection schemes when migrating towards 100% penetration of PE.

    CIRCE

    CIRCE

    COMPANY DESCRIPTION

    CIRCE Foundation (Research Centre for Energy Resources and Consumption) was established in 1993 as an independent Research Centre to create and develop innovative solutions and scientific/technical knowledge and to transfer them to the business sector in the field of energy. CIRCE’s mission is to drive forward improvements in energy efficiency and to spread the use of renewable energy by means of the development of R&D&I activities and formative actions, thereby contributing to a sustainable development. Over 190 professionals with a broad variety of profiles compose the team of people working at CIRCE. Since 1993, CIRCE has participated in more than 1.500 R&D&I projects at national and international level and has trained more than 1.850 professionals from 47 countries within the postgraduate courses CIRCE promotes. In 2001, CIRCE was recognized as National Centre of Innovation and Technology. CIRCE maintains a national leadership position in the field of Energy Efficiency, being the third national research centre getting more projects in competitive calls during period 2004-2007 in Spain. The main research topics in CIRCE are energy efficiency, wind and solar power, natural resources, biomass, electrical substations, smart-grids and storage, thermal power systems and emissions reduction, sustainable mobility and energy socioeconomics.

    MAIN TASK ATTRIBUTED IN THE PROJECT

    CIRCE will be involved in electrical protections tasks, included under the WP4. As a highly specialized centre in electrical protections, at transmission and distribution level, it will be leading the analysis and challenges of current protection schemes in a high PE integration scenario. CIRCE will also be leading the development of improved protection schemes when migrating towards 100 % penetration of Power Electronics in the system, by means of hardware in the loop test using RTDS equipment.